Fruit crops

06/01/2019

There are a lot of kinds of fruit and berry crops are grown in our country (about 40 species), with different periods of flowering and fruiting, different characteristics and qualities, fruits of different colors and flavors. There is a lot of sugar, organic acids, minerals; vitamins and so on are available in these products. The fruits of apple are grown in the steppes of Ukraine contain 4,5-20% sugar, pear - 7-12%, cherries - 8-14%, plums - 9-18%, 5-8% of black currants, strawberries 4,5-7 5%; organic acids: apples - 0.3-1.5%, cherries - 1.5-2.5%, black currant 2,7-3,4%. Some fruit crops have a lot of protein and fats. Fruits and berries contain a variety of vitamins - A, C, B1, B2, B6, P and PP. For example, black currant fruit is up to 350 mg% vitamin C, apples - 12-27 mg%, strawberries - 35-95 mg%. Horticultural products are consumed fresh and used as raw material for canning and confectionery industries.

Fruit and berry crops are divided into groups for botanical and production characteristics, the type of aerial parts, life expectancy and more. In horticulture botanical genus, a group of closely related species is called fruit or berries.

For botanical features fruit culture divided into the following groups:

1) pome (apple, pear, quince, mountain ash);

2) stone fruit (cherries, cherry, plum, apricot, peach, plum);

3) nut (walnut, hazel, hazelnut);

4) berry (strawberry, raspberry, currant, red currant, gooseberry and etc.);

5) grapes (grapes);

6) citrus (lemon, orange, grapefruit, tangerine).

The type of aerial parts of fruit culture divided into:

1) tree – with one existed trunk, where the krone is located (apple, pear, plum, etc.);

2) bushes - plants with multiple trunks (currants, turf, cranberry, gooseberry);

3) half bushes - a perennial root system and aerial part (bush) biennial (raspberry);

4) herbaceous - plants have a long root system of grassy elevated part (strawberries, strawberries);

5) vines - plants that have a long stalk turns (vine, magnolia vine, actinidia).

These cultures have different needs according to the nutrition. Grain crops highly demanded of providing the phosphorus, calcium, manganese, boron, zinc and iron to the plants, and little less they need magnesium and copper.

In Ukraine, the most prevalent of all fruit apple tree became that occupies more than 70% of the gardens. Apple is well adapted to different growing conditions, a large number of species and varieties, which allows it to grow in a variety of conditions characterized by durability, high productivity (100-300 kg of fruit per tree), valuable medicinal and dietary properties of fruits. Apple - perennial species. It is an indicator of zinc in the soil, and the use of calcium micronutrients is one of the measures to combat the physiological diseases (pitted hill, spotting etc.).

Strawberry - one of the most common of Ukraine berries. Strawberry belongs to the family Rosaceae, artificially bred from two American species. His is stunted perennial plant that forms a short and branched roots and fibrous roots. Highest amount of harvest is provided for the first three years of cultivation. Particularly sensitive plants to lack of nutrition elements during the spring (intensive growth leaf surface) in the flowering stage, differentiation buds (which occurs in the second half of August). After planting leaf feeding of strawberry by solution of “ROSTOK” fertilizer should be done, which accelerates their healing and improving hardiness.

Recommendations for conducting of foliar feeding of trees (apple tree, pear, plum, cherry), bushes (currants, gooseberries), half bushes (raspberry) herbaceous plants (strawberries, strawberries, blueberries) by complex fertilizers

Phase of development

Preparation

Application rate, l/ha(tons)

Value

1

Blooming buds

«ROSTOK» Garden trees and shrubs

2

 Strengthening the kidneys and increase resistance to low temperatures.

«ROSTOK» Zinc

1

2

Before flowering

(rosebud)

«ROSTOK» Ovary

1

Increased flowering, increase the number of productive flowers, enhancing the productivity of photosynthesis, providing readily available nitrogen compounds and calcium.

«ROSTOK» Garden trees and shrubs

3

«ROSTOK» Calcium+micro

1

3

Getting education ovary

 «ROSTOK» Garden trees and shrubs

3

Improving education ovaries and further development of the fetus. Increasing the size of the fruit. 

 

«ROSTOK» Magnesium nitrate

1

4

Fetal growth

«ROSTOK»  Manganese

1

Improved taste properties and increase fruit size.

«ROSTOK» Fruiting

3

After 10-14 weeks «ROSTOK» Calcium+micro

2

Recommendations for conducting of foliar feeding of vines (grape, lemongrass, actinidia) by complex fertilizers

Phase of development

Preparation

Application rate, l/ha(tons)

Value

1

Start vegetation

«ROSTOK» Macro

1

 Strengthening the root system, increase plant resistance to disease. Providing easily accessible mineral plant nutrients.

«ROSTOK» Garden trees and shrubs

2

2

Budding

«ROSTOK» Macro

2

Increased flowering, increase the number of productive flowers.

«ROSTOK» Boron

1

3

Getting educatin ovary

 «ROSTOK» Fruiting

3

Increasing the size of the fruits and improve their quality.

4

After 7-10 days

«ROSTOK» Calcium nitrate

2

Enriching fruits with calcium to improve their resistance to disease and long-term storage.

* Simultaneously with the processing of plant protection products.

Consumption rate of working solution is 500-1000l / ha.

It is advisable to combine feeding with the introduction of crop protection and urea (if necessary).

If necessary, it is recommended to use «ROSTOK» Iron and «ROSTOK» Zinc.

The content of nutrients in fertilizers «UAROSTOK»® and doses of entering are designed according to the needs of plants in the components during a period of growth and development.

The use of fertilizers «UAROSTOK»® promotes:

  • accelerating of growth and development of plants;
  • increasing of intensity of photosynthesis by 10-40%;
  • reducing stress plants from soil-climatic and anthropogenic factors;
  • strengthening plant resistance to diseases;
  • increasing the number of productive flowers and bud weight;
  • increasing the harvesting of crop by 10-15%.
  • improving the indexes of fruit quality;
  • lengthening the shelf life of green products.

Microfertilizer

Composition of microfertilizer,  g/l

N

Р2О5

К2О

2О

MgO

3

Fe

Mn

B

Zn

Cu

Mo

Сo

«ROSTOK» Garden trees and shrubs

70

30

50

-

6

12

0,4

0,1

0,5

0,2

0,25

-

-

«ROSTOK» Ovary

-

-

-

4

-

18

6

3

12,4

2,2

1,5

0,15

0,25

«ROSTOK» Fruiting

-

100

200

-

-

5

0,5

2

0,75

0,6

0,6

0,05

-

«ROSTOK» Grape

40

40

100

-

15

32

0,35

0,3

1

1

0,5

0,05

-

Microfertilizers «UAROSTOK»® is non-toxic to humans and bees do not cause allergies and environmentally safe.

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